Total Flow Area TFA Calculation, Calculator & chart article will handle the definition of the term Total Flow Area, how to calculate TFA, how to use TFA chart to calculate bit total flow area and finally you can download TFA Calculator for desktop and mobile.
Please don’t forget to subscribe with your e-mail to get latest job vacancies and educational articles
Introduction To Drilling Bit Jet Nozzles Total Flow Area TFA
- Choke Manifold Full Guide & IADC RecommendationsThe choke manifold is an arrangement of valves, fittings, lines,
- Inside BOP (IBOP), Kelly Valves Full GuideThe Inside BOP (IBOP) as gray valve is a back-pressure
- Annular BOP Preventer | Hydril, Shaffer & Cameron GuideThe annular preventer (also called bag type, spherical or universal
- Absolute Permeability Definition, Formula & CalculationsIt was a very important parameter of reservoir absolute permeability
What Is The Drilling Bit Jet Nozzles?
The part of the bit that includes a hole or opening for drilling fluid to exit. The hole is usually small (around 0.25 in. in diameter) and the pressure of the fluid inside the bit is usually high, leading to a high exit velocity through the nozzles that creates a high-velocity jet below the nozzles. This high-velocity jet of fluid cleans both the bit teeth and the bottom of the hole. The sizes of the nozzles are usually measured in 1/32-in. increments (although some are recorded in millimeters), are always reported in “thirty-seconds” of size (i.e., fractional denominators are not reduced), and usually range from 6/32 to 32/32.
Why This Drilling bit jet Nozzles are necessary?
Drilling fluids circulate through a drill string to nozzles at the bit and back to the surface via the system annulus. They provide three crucial functions to drilling:
- Cleaning of the cutting structure.
- Cuttings removal from the hole bottom.
- Efficient cuttings evacuation to the surface.
What is The Definition Of Total Flow Area (TFA) ?
Total Flow Area is a term related to drilling bits jet nozzles which can be defined as the summation of all the areas of the drilling bit jet nozzles areas which fluid can go through while circulating .
How To Calculate Drilling bits Total Flow Area (TFA) Without TFA Chart ?
So it is simple all you have to do is to count all the drilling bit jet nozzles. Accordingly, you can determine flow area with a simple equation.
D is diameter in inch, Area in square inch But we have to take in our consideration that diameter of the drilling bits jet nozzles is reported on xx/32 inch.
The formula above can be simplified like this.
N is nozzle size in number/32 inch. Area in square inch
Example on Drilling bits Total Flow Area TFA Calculations Without TFA Chart
For Example, a drilling bit ahs 5 jet nozzles. 3 x 10/32 in & 2 x 12/32in . To calculate the total flow area of the drilling bit, we will use this equation for each nozzle size and then make a summation for all of them.
Total Flow Area = ( 10^2 +10^2 +10^2 + 12^2+ 12^2 ) / 1303.8 So solving above equation we will have 0.451 inch2
Drilling Bits Nozzles Total Flow Area TFA Calculator Chart
In the below TFA chart, you can calculate it using both the number of nozzles and the nozzle size. just if you have 3 nozles of size 11 and 1 of size 13 you can get each one flow area then add them together to give you the total area.
Bit Nozzles Total Flow Area TFA Calculator Spreadsheet
This drilling software/ spreadsheet calculates the total flow area for a selection of up to 11 nozzle sizes.