In this article we will talk about the benefits of using Oil Based Drilling Fluid in drilling operations, but first please don’t forget to subscribe with us.
They were developed as an alternative to Water Based Mud (WBM) for improving drilling performance, especially when drilling water-sensitive shale or salt formations. Invert Emulsion fluid systems use mineral or synthetic oils as the continuous fluid phase, with extremely fine brine droplets present as an emulsion,which gives oil-based muds several advantages over water-based muds, as detailed below:
1 Shale Stability
The improved inhibition provided by oil-based muds makes them ideal for drilling water-sensitive shales. Oil forms the continuous phase of-the drilling fluid, which protects the formation from direct contact with water. However, some of the emulsified brine phase in invert-emulsion systems will inevitably come into contact with the formation. To minimize the effects of shale hydration or dehydration due to osmotic effects, the salinity of the brine phase is adjusted to match the salinity of the brine trapped in the formation pores. The result is a eliminating Under gauge Holes problems and any wellbore stability problems.
2 Drilling Salt Formations
The continuous oil phase and the salinity of the emulsified brine phase minimizes the amount of salt that is dissolved while drilling salt formations, resulting in a gauge hole.Saturated salt Water Based Mud may not guarantee a gauge hole because solubility increases with temperature, so a salt system that is saturated on surface may not be saturated at bottom-hole temperatures, producing washouts. The increased lubricity of oil-based muds also reduces the effects of salt creep
3 Drilling Performance
Oil-based fluid systems generally deliver higher Penetration Rate (ROP) and improved drilling performance with excellent shale stability when compared with water-based fluid systems.
The enhanced lubricity provided by oil based mud systems makes the mideal for drilling highly deviated and horizontal wells.The risk of differential pipe sticking is also reduced, due to the combination of high lubricity with the very thin filter cakes that reproduced by oil-based drilling fluid systems.
5 Temperature Stability
Oil-based mud systems can tolerate high temperatures for long periods of time.They have been used with bottom-hole temperatures approaching 550°F (290°C), so they are particularly suited for drilling high-temperature wells. In contrast,the polymers used in water-based mud systems start to degrade at elevated temperatures, resulting in loss of viscosity and filtration control, which restricts the use of water-based muds in some high-temperature wells.
6 Corrosion Control
Oil Based Drilling Fluid offer exceptional corrosion protection due to the nonconductive nature of the continuous oil phase,which coats the exposed surfaces of the wellbore tubular sand prevents corrosion cells from forming. The products used in oil-based fluids are also thermally stable, so they do not degrade to form corrosive products, and bacteria do not thrive in oil-based fluids. As a result, corrosion of all tubulars used in well construction is suppressed, compared with some polymers in water-based mud systems that break down to produce a corrosive environment at prolonged elevated temperatures.
7 Coring Fluids
The lubricity and enhanced Shale Inhibition provided by oil-based mud systems make them ideal for use as a coring fluid, especially as they can tolerate high temperatures. Another advantage is the fact that oil-based coring fluids will not introduce water into core samples, so water saturation can be determined more accurately.
8 Packer Fluids
Oil-based fluid systems can tolerate high temperatures and are stable over long periods of time, which makes them suitable as packer fluids. Corrosion is usually insignificant because oil forms the continuous phase, which compares favourably with water-based mud systems when subjected to similar conditions. Oil-based packer fluids can suspend weighting material for extended periods of time when formulated correctly.
9 Oil-Based Mud Recycling
The oil-based fluid systems are very stable and can be stored for long periods of time for repeated use to drill several wells,without concerns about bacterial growth. The oil based mud can be conditioned before being used again simply by reducing the drilled solids content with mechanical removal equipment, or by blending with fresh solids-free premix.
10 Low Pressured Formations
Oil-based mud systems can be formulated with densities ranging from 22.0 ppg (2.64 sg) down to 7.5 ppg (0.90 sg),which gives them an advantage over water-based mud systems for drilling formations that have low pore pressures.