## What Is The Overpull Drilling Definition

The definition of Overpull Drilling is the maximum pull that can be exerted on **stuck drill pipe **without causing failure in the **Drill String**. In this article we shall learn more about margin of drill pipe overpull calculations and there is also online calculator for it.

## Maximum Overpull Calculations In Drilling

The maximum overpull that can be exerted on stuck drill pipe shall not exceed 80% of the maximum tensile strength of the weakest grade **Drill Pipe**. In other words, you must know which is the lowest grade drill pipes then get its tensile strength then multiply it in 80% and this will be the maximum overpull you can reach while any kind of stuck.

The maximum pull for each crossover point must be calculated to determine the maximum pull that can be exerted on the Drill String. The calculation procedure is illustrated in the following example.

**Assume the Drilling Bit at 14000 ft & the drilling Bottom Hole Assembly BHA would consist of the following:**

Section | 80% Tensile Section Strength | Length, ft | Air weight, lb |

Bottom Hole Assembly | – | 1200 | 150,000 lb |

5” Grade G Drill pipe | 443,066 | 12,063 | 270,934 lb |

5″ Grade S Drill pipe | 569,656 | 737 | 17,245 lb |

**1- we check the maximum overpull on the weakest drill pipes. **

The maximum overpull that can be exerted on the top of **grade G drill pipes **without exceeding 80% of Grade G tensile strength is 443,066 lb.

**2- Now calculate the maximum overpull in drilling string that can be exerted on top of grade S drill pipes is, **

Max overpull = 80% of Tensile Strength + weight of Grade S Drill Pipes

Max overpull = 443,066 + 17245 = 460,311 lb.

Since 460,311 lb are less than 80% of the grade S tensile strength (569,656 lb), then it is safe to pull 460,311 lb.

__So when we pull 460,311 lb at the surface__

- The pull exerted on top of Grade S DP is 460,311 lb.
- The pull exerted on top of Grade G DP is 460,311 minus the weight of grade S DP, or 460,311-17245 = 443,066 lb.

## Margin Of Overpull In Drilling Calculations

Margin of Overpull definition in drilling is the difference between the maximum overpull in the drilling string and the current **weight of your drilling string**. off course you shall consider the last recorded pick up weight as it is the weight of your **Drill String**. Now, Let’s convert all these words above to an equation

**Margin Of Overpull = Ta – Th **

__Where__

**Th **is the** hook load** (excluding **top drive** weight), lb.

**Ta **is the maximum allowable tensile strength, lb.

You can also calculate the drill string weight from this equation

**Th= Drill String Weight x Buoyancy Factor (BF)**

Where you can calculate the drill string weight from below equation

**Drill String Weight = (L _{bha} × W_{bha}) + (L_{dc}×W_{dc}) +(L_{hwdp} × W_{hwdp}) + (L_{dp} × W_{dp}) **

- W
_{bha}= Bottom Hole Assembly BHA weight - L
_{bha}= bottom hole assembly length - W
_{dc}= drill collar weight - L
_{dc}= drill collar length - W
_{hwdp}= heavy weight drill pipe weight - L
_{hwdp}= heavy weight drill pipe length - W
_{dp}= drill pipe weight - L
_{dp}= drill pipe length - Buoyancy Factor (BF) = (65.5 – MWT) ÷ 65.5

## Example On How To Calculate Margin Of Overpull In Drilling

**Perform the drill pipe overpull margin calculations from the following information:**

The drill string consists of the following equipment:

- 5” DP S-135, 4-1/2” IF connection, adjusted weight of 23.5 ppf = 8,000 ft
- 5” HWDP S-135, 4-1/2” IF connection, adjusted weight of 58 ppf = 900 ft
- Mud motor and MWD weight = 20 Klb
- Lenght of mud motor and MWD = 90 ft
- Mud weight is 9.2 ppg
- Tensile strength of 5” DP S-135 (premium class) = 436 Klb
- Tensile strength of 5” HWDP S-135 (premium class) = 1,100 Klb
- 90% of tensile strength is allowed to pull without permission from town.

**Solution**

**1- Calculate the maximum tension will happen at the surface**

5”DP will get the most tension when pulling and since only 90% of tensile strength is allowed. The allowable tensile (Ta) is as follows;

Ta = 0.9 x 436 = 392 Klb

**2- Calculate the buoyancy factorBuoyancy Factor **

**(BF)** = (65.5 – 9.2) ÷ 65.5

**Buoyancy Factor (BF)** = 0.86

**3- Calculate The String Weight from the following equation:**

**Drill String Weight = (L _{bha} × W_{bha}) + (L_{dc}×W_{dc}) +(L_{hwdp} × W_{hwdp}) + (L_{dp} × W_{dp}) **

Note: Weight of mud motor and MWD is given at 20 Klb.

**Drill String Weight =** (8,000 × 23.5) + (900 × 58) + (20,000)

**Drill String Weight **= 260 Klb

**4- Calculate Tension on surface (Th)**

**Th= Drill String Weight x Buoyancy Factor (BF)**

**Th **= 260 × 0.86 = 223.8 klb

** 5- Margin Of Overpull Calculations**

**Margin Of Overpull = Ta – Th**

**Margin of over pull** = 392 – 223.8 = 168.2 Klb

### Margin Of OverPull Calculator

Simple online calculator for performing overpull calculations in drilling from oilfieldteam website.